GeneratieLab: Onderzoek naar een levensloopbestendige wijk
The government has been working on cutting back on the welfare state for several years and is focusing on self-reliance. This means living at home longer and depending on neighbours, friends and family. This is, in principle, a nice idea, but unfortunately the phenomenon of being hesitant to ask for or offer help is not included in this policy. “You want to help, but are afraid of being trapped” or the other way round “You would like help, but don’t want to burden the other person”. Paradoxically, people like to help other people. Urban sociologists warn that this phenomenon could lead to the policy failing.
This lifetime neighbourhood is an urban answer to the current policy. Multiple generations can live with and next to each other. And there is room for the dynamics of families and getting older. By searching for common denominators, my project contributes to breaking down the hesitancy to ask for or offer help.
Dynamics of the lifetime neighbourhood
Living in a lifetime neighbourhood means that you stay living in the same apartment or the same neighbourhood. Because the need for space during a lifetime is dynamic, each type of apartment has the option of being able to sublet parts of it without loss of privacy. Each apartment has numerous entrances and two shafts. As a result, you can make smaller independent homes with minimal architectural adjustments. In the event of the number of family members decreasing, or a need for healthcare at home, you can thus sublet part of your house. In the case of a growth demand (for work or living), this means that the need for space can not only be solved internally, but also in the neighbourhood.
Elderly people live on the ground floors and families live on the upper floors. The various generations can meet each other on the elevated extensive roof gardens and in the adjoining garden rooms. These collective indoor and outdoor spaces are programmed by small groups of residents. The greater the common denominator, the smaller the threshold can be and vice versa.
Individuality vs collectivity
The neighbourhood with 124 homes is designed on the basis of the outdoor spaces with attention for landscape experiences, human scale and transitions between public, collective and private. Different levels of individuality and collectivity can be found in the urban design, stairwells, facades and homes. The point of departure is always the possibility of decreasing or increasing your distance from your neighbour, or level of privacy, both inside and outside. Privacy buffer zones in the facade contribute to the level of privacy.
Location and urban design
Children and elderly people in particular like to have a quiet car-free neighbourhood, where there is also enough hustle and bustle at the same time. This is why the neighbourhood is located above the busy car park of Artis zoo. Visitors of all ages park under the neighbourhood in an ascending splitlevel car park. During the day, they create the hustle and bustle in the public street above when they walk to the entrance of Artis. A sequence of four public squares traverse the street and mark four neighbourhoods. Public facilities, small collective alleyways and collective courtyards situated lower down connect with the squares. The dimensions of the small communities stem from the growing roaming radius of children growing up. The youngest discover (the neighbourhood around) the house and the roof gardens first. The older children can be found in the courtyards, alleyways, street and neighbourhoods,
Commission members: Jan-Richard Kikkert (mentor), Ira Koers, Susanne Komossa, Hanneke van Lieshout. Additional members for the examination: Machiel Spaan, Herman Kerkdijk.